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Zero Movement

Yves Klein
IKB 79, 1959
Paint on canvas on plywood
Object: 139.7 x 119.7 x 3.2 cm (55 x 47.1 x 1.3 in.)
Frame: 160 x 139.4 x 8 cm (63 x 54.9 x 3.1 in.)
© ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2023
Tate, London

The Zero movement was founded in the late 1950s by German artists Otto Piene and Heinz Mack. The name "Zero" was intended to signify a return to the starting point of artistic creation and to emphasize a new beginning in art. The Zero Group artists included Lucio Fontana, Yves Klein, and Piero Manzoni. Each artist had their own unique approach to creating art, but they all shared a commitment to breaking down traditional barriers and pushing the boundaries of what art could be. Zero artists often employed simple shapes and monochromatic colors, and experimented with light and other materials to create innovative works. Although the group separated in 1996 with their final collaboration at the Städtische Kunstsammlungen in Bonn, the Zero movement had a significant impact on the art world and influenced subsequent generations of artists. By emphasizing experimentation and the use of unconventional materials, the movement paved the way for the emergence of new art forms and techniques.

Related categories

Mixed Media


Media Study

Color and Form


20th Century Art



German Art

Art of the 1950s

Art after World War II

Post-War European Art