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Bauhaus

Josef Albers
Variant/Adobe, ca.1947
Oil on masonite
59.2 x 89.2 x 0.4 cm (23.3 x 35.1 x 0.2 in.)
© 2018 The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

The Bauhaus school of art, architecture, and design was founded by Walter Gropius in Germany in 1919, drawing upon the ideas of John Ruskin and William Morris. The school's name was based on the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The Bauhaus is remembered for introducing workshop training in place of the traditional studio art education, unifying creativity and manufacturing, and emphasizing functionalism in architecture and industrial design. The school attracted many notable artists, including Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and László Moholy-Nagy, who sought to break down the barriers between fine art and design. The Bauhaus encouraged experimentation with new materials and techniques, emphasizing the importance of the process of creation as much as the final product. The use of color, geometry, and abstraction in Bauhaus works contributed to the development of the modernist art movement, influencing later artists such as Josef Albers, who studied and later taught at the Bauhaus.

The Bauhaus was shut down by the Nazi regime in 1933, causing many of its students and teachers to flee and spread its tenets around the world. This diaspora of artists helped to disseminate the Bauhaus's ideas and techniques throughout Europe and the United States, leading to its influence on the development of modern art and design. Josef Albers, for example, emigrated to the United States and taught at Black Mountain College in North Carolina before ultimately settling in Connecticut. He continued to espouse the Bauhaus principles of color theory and geometric abstraction in his work, and his influence can be seen in the works of many later artists. The Bauhaus's impact on the world of art and design has been significant, and its legacy can be seen in the works of countless artists and designers who continue to be inspired by its ideas and principles.

Related categories

Process-Oriented

(Inspired by) Architecture

Performance

Industrial Design

Practicality

Multidisciplinary Approach

Theatricality

Repetition/Patterns

Media Study

Color and Form

Geometric Abstraction

Abstraction

European Art

20th Century Art

Participatory Art

Art and Design

Modern European Art

Blurring Genre Boundaries